Dundee & St Andrews
Dundee, founded in the 12th century, grew due to a combination of weaving, whaling and ship building. The city already had many skilled in weaving, so when whale oils could be used to soften the jute, brought from India in the large fast ships constructed here, Dundee became the jute capital of the world. After the decline of these industries, Dundee diversified into confectionary and jam production and Scotland’s 4th largest city continues to adapt well to economic ups and downs. The city also brought us the comics: Beano and Desperate Dan. Indeed a statue of Desperate Dan stands proud in the city square.